Title: Animal Life and the World of Nature; A magazine of Natural History
Year: 1902 (1900s)
Contributing Library: Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library
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esent. On the other hand, the ordinary giraffe, with its chocolate blotches on a buffground, displays a type of coloming adapted to harmonize with the broken shade thrownby the tall mimosas among which these animals are found. The broad striping ofthe typical zebras and quaggas, conspicuous as it appears at close quarters, fades intoan inconspicuous blurr on the open veldt. This type of colouring produces, indeed,comparative invisibility on a plan totally different from that obtaining in the caseof dark-backed and white-bellied animals, the result in this case being to break up theoutline of the body by the alternating black and white bars. A similar type obtainsin the case of the tiger. It is generally stated, indeed, that the orange and blackstripes of the latter animal are intended to harmonize with the tall blades of driedgrass in an Indian jungle and the dark spaces between them; but it is probablethat their main effect is to break up the general outline of the animal. To a large
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Vhotuji.iili i,,j til, I )ucTiess of Bedford. PEKING STAG WITH THE ANTLEBS IN ELVET 294 Animal Life degree this is confirmed by the circumstance that the tiger is likewise a native ofthe arid deserts of Mongoha and other parts of Central Asia. Nevertheless it is afact that Indian tigers are generally more heavily striped than their Mongolian cousins,so that perhaps the former may have been further modified in relation to their presentenvironment. The striping of the legs of the okapi, as well as those of certain speciesof wild goats, are other examples of this breaking-up type of colouring. It may beadded that this type is specially adapted to deep-bodied animals, like tigers and zebras. Another example of protective coloration is probably presented by the face of thecommon badger, which, as we all know, is marked by a series of black and whitestripes running in a longitudinal direction. When a badger is seen in the open, theseare very conspicuous; but it is probable, although I hav
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